Public Service Commissions in India
All the States and Central Government should have a separate commission to recruit qualified individuals into administrative machinery. As per the Article 315 to 323 in the Part XIV of the Indian Constitution, it is constitutional imperative to form a public service commission in the States of India. The Articles also mentions the composition of commission and gives complete authority to recruit the best talent into services.
The Union Public Service Commission, the constitutional body conducts the recruitment for all the national level positions. The commission also advises the Central Government on disciplinary matters. The Constitutional provision also defines composition and independence to frame guidelines for recruitment in India.
The State Public Service Commissions in the respective States will undertake the responsibility of recruitment for State level services and lower cadre by conducting competitive examinations followed by interview. All the States in India have Public Service Commissions have been formed after reorganization of States. Some carry brief history of pre-independence era and few are younger with just ten years and below.
The below information provides you description of respective public service commissions in India and their formative years.
Andhra Pradesh PSC
Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission carries brief history of over 50 years, it was part of Madras Service Commission before the reorganization of States in 1953. Andhra Service Commission was formed after bifurcation of AP from erstwhile Madras State on linguistic lines. Adhering to the constitutional mandate APPSC had played crucial role in recruiting qualified individuals for Group I, Group II, Group III and Group IV services for over five decades. The APPSC has been divided into TSPSC and APPSC after the bifurcation of Telangana region from Andhra Pradesh State.
Arunachal Pradesh PSC
The Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission was formed in the year 1988, it is highly acclaimed for transparent recruitment process. The Commission conducts recruitment for state level positions in the state. It conducts recruitment based on the recommendations of various departments for filling up vacant positions. State level competitive examination will be held for Group A, Group B and lower cadre positions.
Assam Public Service Commission conducts recruitment for all state level examinations; the commission was set up as per the constitutional provision in India. It came into existence on September 1 as per the constitutional provision. The Commission undertakes the responsibility of framing recruitment procedures and releases notification based on vacancies in State departments.
The general examinations conducted by the commission are:
- Combined Competitive Examination
- Departmental Examinations
Bihar Public Service Commission carries the history of over fifty years and it came into existence after separation of State from unified Orissa and Madhya Pradesh State in the year 1949. It was formed as per the formation of Constitution of India on 26th January, 1950.The commission conducts examination for various positions under below mentioned services.
- Rural Development Officer
- Municipal Executive Officer
- Bihar Education Services
- District Minority Welfare Officer
- Planning Officer/ District Planning Officer
- Bihar Registration Services
- Bihar Administrative Services.
Chattisgarh Public Service Commission is one of the youngest Commission in India, formed as per the constitutional provision on 1st November 2000. The State was bifurcated from the erstwhile Madhya Pradesh State’s re-organization. The commission has authority to appoint all the State level positions and below cadre by conducting competitive examinations.It also conducts recruitment for state civil services, engineering and other services. The commission also frames guideline on compensation and disciplinary matters.
The Goa Public Service Commission is the constitutional body formed under the Article 320 (3) of the Indian Constitution. Based on the recommendations of the various departments, the commission releases recruitment notification, guidelines on disciplinary matters and adheres to reservation policies while recruiting the candidates for various positions.Recruitment for various positions and commonly deals with the recruitment of Group A and B officers in various departments of Goa.
Gujarat Public Service Commission was formed in the year 1960, as per the constitutional provision. The commission undertakes the responsibility of conducting recruiting to state level services. It also issues the guidelines to the state government on disciplinary matters, recruitment procedures and other activities.The commission conducts recruitment for numerous services that include – Gujarat Administrative Services which further includes other cadres such as Class I and II category employees, Class-II category includes private secretary, Range Forest Officer and Translator.All examinations are conducted in a transparent manner to ensure that right candidates enter services.
Haryana Public Service Commission was established as per the constitutional provision. The commission came into existence as per the Re-Organization Act, 1966. The commission formulates recruitment guidelines and releases recruitment notification for various services. It also conducts recruitment for Judicial services, State civil services and other lower cadre examinations.
Himachal Pradesh PSC
Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission was established on 1971, after attaining the Statehood. When the State was a Union Territory, Union Public Service Commission used to conduct recruitment for various services. The commission conducts recruitment for various state level services and other services. HPPSC conducts recruitment for below mentioned examinations.
- Range Forest Officer
- Himachal Pradesh Administrative Services – Combined Competitive Exam
- Himachal Pradesh Subordinate Allied Services Examination.
- HP Judicial Services Competitive Exam.
Jammu & Kashmir PSC
Jammu and Kashmir Public Service was formed as per the constitutional mandate. The commission is responsible for conducting recruitment for State level services and other services. It conducts recruitment for various state level services.The commission conducts recruitment for below given services which include:
- J & K Combined Services Competitive Examination (KAS)
- KCS (Judicial)
- Range Officers
- Assistant Director (Statistics)
- Assistant Conservator of Forest (ACF).
Jharkhand Public Service Commission was formed as per the constitutional mandate in the year 2000. The new commission came into existence after the separation of State from the erstwhile Bihar State. All the government related positions will be recruited by the commission conducting competitive examinations through online. The commission also guides the government on disciplinary matters and conducts departmental examinations as well. The commission conducts a common competitive examination for administrative services in the State. Jharkhand Combined Civil Services, Combined Civil Services, Commercial Tax Officers, Assistant Engineers and various other positions are managed by the commission. It conducts recruitment for the services in a transparent manner.
Karnataka Public Service Commission was formed as per the constitutional mandate, the commission enjoys the status of being the constitutional body in the state. The commission conducts recruitment for all the state level positions and departmental examinations. Karnataka Public Service Commission releases recruitment notification for Group A, Group B ,Group C and Group D positions in the state.
- Assistant conservator of forests
- Forest, ecology and environment dept.
- assistant controller & audit officer
- group ‘a,’ ‘b’ & ‘c’ technical posts
- group ‘c’ non – technical posts
- First division assistants/second division assistants’ department examination for in – service candidates.
Kerala Public Service Commission was established as per the Constitutional mandate, it advises the Government on civil services and disciplinary matters. It is the authorized agency in the State to conduct recruitment. The selection for various positions will be based on competitive examinations followed by interview. The commission conducts recruitment for all the state level positions. It conducts recruitment notification for various state level services and lower cadre services through competitive examinations.
Madhya Pradesh PSC
Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission was formed after the reorganization of State in the year 1956. It is the constitutional imperative to form the public service commission in the State, thus for new state, Madhya Pradesh a new commission was formed. The commission conducts recruitment for engineering services, state services, forest services and various other services. The recruitment for all the services will be made through online examination followed by interview. It ensures that the recruitment is done in a transparent manner.
Maharashtra Public Service Commission was created as per the rules framed in the Indian Constitution. The commission is the authorized agency to conduct recruitment in the State, it also plays a crucial role in formulating recruitment rules, on disciplinary matters, transfers, departmental examinations etc., MPSC recruits online examination for Maharashtra State Services and various other state services.
Manipur Public Service Commission undertakes the responsibility of conducting recruitment process for state level services. It is a constitutional body formed in the State after attaining statehood in the year 1972. The commission conducts recruitment for state level services, assistant engineers, assistant professors and lower level services. The recruitment will be made by conducting a competitive examination across the state.
Meghalaya Public Service Commission was formed as per the constitutional mandate. The formation of State in the year 1971 lead to formation of the commission in the year 1972. The commission undertakes the responsibility of conducting recruitment through competitive examinations across the state. Manipur State Civil Services examination, departmental examinations and various other services are managed by the commission.
Mizoram has attained the statehood in the year 1987, it has become constitutional imperative lead to formation of new Mizoram Public Service Commission. It plays a crucial role in recruiting individuals for various state level services. The State Government consults the commission on various matters such as disciplinary actions and recruitment rules. The commission ensures transparency in the recruitment process.
Nagaland Public Service Commission was formed in the year 1965 as per the constitutional mandate. The commission undertakes the responsibility of conducting recruitment for state level services and other cadre examinations. It encourages fair elements of transparency in the recruitment process. It conducts examination for NCS, NPS, NSS & Allied Services, technical services, educational services and various other services.
Odisha Public Service Commission was constituted as per the constitutional mandate in the year 1949, it plays a crucial role in inducting qualified individuals to the services. The commission has been working for past five decades to include the most qualified personnel into services. It conducts recruitment by releasing recruitment notification for Judicial Services, Educational Services, Forest Rangers, Odisha Civil Service Combined Competitive Examination and other services. The commission follows reservation policies and recruitment rules such that right candidates are selected for services.
West Bengal PSC
West Bengal Public Commission has the brief history of 80 years, it is one of the oldest commission in India. The Commission is the authorized agency to conduct the recruitment for various services. The commission has worked efficiently to induct the finest talent into services, by conducting competitive examinations for the services such as
- West Bengal audit and accounts service
- West Bengal Civil Service
- West Bengal Judicial Service Examination
- Assistant Professor positions in State Government institutions.
Punjab Public Service Commission has the brief history of over 50 years in recruiting qualified individuals into State level services. The commission is responsible for recruiting qualified individuals to the state administrative machinery. It was formed as per the constitutional mandate, that every state should have public service commission. The Commission conducts examinations for Punjab Civil Services and vacant positions in various state level services.
Rajasthan Public Service Commission was established as per the constitutional provision, and it conducts recruitment for all the state level, clerical, administrative services, etc., in the State. The commission conducts the most qualified individuals into services by conducting competitive examination and interviews. RPSC conducts recruitment for following services mentioned below:
- Rajasthan Administrative Service (R.A.S)
- Rajasthan Police Service (R.P.S)
- Rajasthan Sub-Ordinate Services
Sikkim Public Service Commission was constituted in the year 1978 as per the Constitutional provision. The commission has been functioning from the year 1982 with a chairman and member continuously to bring efficient workforce into the services. It conducts competitive examination for various state-level services, engineering positions, teaching positions vacant in all the State level services. The commission conducts all the State level examinations in a transparent manner.
Tamil Nadu PSC
Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission, has played a crucial role in Indian Civil Service, it was formed during the pre-independence era. Earlier, it was Madras Public Service Commission, and it was the only province during the British rule with the separate public Service Commission. After the re-organization of the States, the Commission came into existence as per the Indian Constitution rules. The commission is highly acclaimed for bringing the most qualified individuals into services by conducting competitive examinations in the State. TNPSC conducts recruitment for below services in the State.
- Group-I Services Examination
- Group L-A Services Examination
- Group L-B Services Examination
- Combined Subordinate Services Examination
- Group-Iv Services Examination
- Group V-A Services Examination and various other services
Telangana State PSC
Telangana Public Service Commission is highly acclaimed for its advanced practices in the recruitment procedure. It was formed after the bifurcation of Telangana region from erstwhile Andhra Pradesh region. The commission is the youngest Commission, since its inception it played a crucial role in inducting numerous individuals into services. Telangana Public Service Commission conducts recruitment through online examination and interviews. It conducts recruitment for Group I, Group II, Group III and Group IV services in the State.
Tripura Public Service Commission was formed after the formation of the State in the year 1972. The formation of the commission is made as per the Indian constitution provision. The commission is responsible for conducting recruitment for all the state-level services. It releases recruitment notification, conducts examination and interviews. It conducts recruitment for following examinations.
The Examinations in such services are called “SCHEDULED EXAMINATION”.
- Tripura Civil Service & Tripura Police Service.
- Tripura Forest Service
- Tripura Judicial Service
- Personal Assistant Grade -II
- Sub-Inspector of Police
- The Tripura Combined Competitive Examination” for recruitment
- The Miscellaneous Posts
- Tripura Engineering Service
- Forest Ranger
Uttar Pradesh PSC
Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission conducts recruitment to induct efficient candidates into various services. The commission conducts recruitment in a transparent manner such that only qualified individuals enter services. It also frames guidelines on disciplinary matters, recruitment procedures and sees that rightful candidates should only get the opportunity. UPPSC releases recruitment notification for Combined State/Upper Subordinate Preliminary Examination, Combined State/Lower Subordinate Examination, Engineering services and various other state level services.
Uttarakhand Public Service Commission is also one of the youngest public Services Commission in the State formed after the bifurcation of the State from Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 2000 as per the constitutional mandate. The commission undertakes the responsibility of conducting recruitment in a transparent manner. It ensures that most qualified individuals join the services. It conducts recruitment for Group B, Group C & Group D and various other examinations. For all the services state level examination will be conducted by the commission followed by interview and skill tests depending on services requirement.