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April 7th 2017 Science and Technology Current Affairs

Kudankulam Unit 1 is Now Under the Control of India

  • The Unit 1 of the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP) is now under thefull operational control of India, and an agreement was signed recently in this regard.
  • Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant is present in the Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu a state in south India.
  • This plant uses pressurized water reactors designed by Russia.
  • The thermal capacity of these reactors are 3,000 MW, and gross electrical capacity of the plant is 1,000 MW.
  • However, the net capacity of the plant is only 917 MW.
  • After completion of all the units, thisplant will receive the tag of the largest nuclear power generation complex in India.
  • It will get a capacity of producing 2 GW of electric power.

Earth-like planet with Atmosphere was Found

  • For the first time Scientists have detected an Earth-like atmosphere around an exo planet.
  • The planet is GJ 1132b, which is 4-times the size of Earth and lies at a distance of 39 light from Earth.
  • This planet was discovered in 2015, and it orbits around a red dwarf star, and It lies in the constellation of Vela present in the southern hemisphere.
  • Scientists observed a thick layer of gassesand predicted that the gas might be water or methane or a both of them.
  • However, the atmosphere may not support life as the surface temperature is around 370C.
  • The possibility of supporting life is very low.

DNA Bank for Wild Animals to be Set in North India for the First Time

  • For the first in North India Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) has planned to set up a DNA bank for the wild animals.
  • So far Scientists have collected DNA samples from 140 species animals.
  • Currently, only one DNA bank is present in Hyderabad of Telangana state.
  • In the country, the setup of a second DNA bank is a milestone for wildlife conservation.
  • DNA bank helps the scientists to tell the name of the species even if only a small part of the animal such as part hair, skin, blood, bone, etc., of animal is available.
  • This move will help in controlling smuggling and wildlife poaching and helps in research on wildlife species.
  • It will help in building taxonomical trees if any new fossil or species is found.

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