Scientists identified A Fungus species that eats plastic
Scientists identified a soil fungus,Aspergillus tubingensis that can rapidly break down the plastic materials.
- Aspergillus tubingensis, a fungusthat ordinarily lives in the soil.
- Researchers during their experiment have found that it can grow on the surface of plastics.
- They identified that the Aspergillus tubingensissecretes enzymes that can break the bonds between the plasticmolecules or the polymers.
- The Aspergillus tubingensis releases these enzymes to their surrounding environment,e., onto the surface of the plastic or polymer that they are living.
- Another interesting fact is that the fungus uses its mycelia physically to break the polymers which are rarely observed in fungal species.
- This fungal specieswas found in Pakistan.
- Millions of tons of plastic waste isbeing releasedinto the environment by the Humans.
- This discovery will help in waste treatment as the plastic material have averyhigh half-life and are takes years to degrade or decompose naturally.
Scientists developed a new biofuel ‘Grassoline’
Scientists have developed a biofuel from grass and named it as ‘grassoline.’
- Researchers have investigated various methods that can disintegrate and grass into
- Due tothe abundance, thegrass is chosen by the researchers as the perfect source of energy.
- To improve the biodegradability grass is pre-treated and then bacteria are allowed to convert the sugars present in the grass to lactic acid(LA) and derivatives of LA.
- This LAcan be used as an intermediate molecule to produce various other compounds like biodegradable plastics (PLA) or fuels, etc.
- This LA can be converted into caproic acid, and further treatment will convert it into decane.
- Decane can be use das fuel in theaviation industry.