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March 23rd 2017 International Relations Current Affairs

India and Pakistan will Discuss on Miyar Project

  • After two days talks in Islamabad between India and Pakistan of Indus Water Commissioners both the countries Pakistan agreed on redesigning the Hydroelectric project, Miyar.
  • The miyar project has been awarded to Hindustan Power, and it envisages installation of 120 MW capacity.
  • The project bidding is done through competitive bidding.
  • The project mainly involves the construction of about 6.6 km long headrace tunnel, 25 m high diversion structure, an open to sky restricted orifice surge tank, a powerhouse complex near Udaipur town on the right bank of river Chenab.
  • Pakistan is seriously objecting the design of the Dams.
  • The talks of the Permanent Indus Commission will be made as per the Indus Waters Treaty
  • A Recent meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission is the 113th meeting and is first after the terror attack in Uri of India near LoC happened in September 2016.
  • Pakistan has raised concerns over the five Indian hydroelectric projects 330MW Kishanganga, 1000MW Pakal Dul, 850MW Ratle, 48MW Lower Kalnai and120MW Miyar.
  • These projects are being built on the Indus river or in the Indus river basin.

Grand Challenges India (GCI) Meeting

  • The first Grand Challenges India (GCI) meeting was recently held in New Delhi.
  • GCI is jointly supported by the Wellcome Trust, Government of India’s Department of Biotechnology (DBT) Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF).
  • This is the first meeting and was hosted by the Program Management Unit at Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (PMU-BIRAC) and is.
  • GCI is a mission-directed research initiative which was collaboratively launched in 2012 under the umbrella of Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the BMGF and DBT of the Indian government.

Aims of GCI

  • The GCI provides innovative solutions to achieve Sustainable Development Goals and Millennium Development Goals that are linked to social impact.
  • This aims to reconnect Science to People and uses scientific data & evidence to solve the societal problems for finding easy solutions.
  • GCI provides Programs with a fantastic platform for global innovators and researchers to collaborate and progress by developing their ideas and concepts through the innovation ecosystem.
  • The GCI provides financial support such as cooperative agreements, grants, and contracts to enhance health, reduce the burdens of poverty and to extend healthy lives.
  • The GCI covers all kinds of health-related issues,e., from maternal and child health, vaccines, infectious diseases, point-of-care diagnostics, food and nutrition, agriculture, and other related arenas for developing nations as per the requirements of the individuals.
  • This partnership signifies synergistic new initiatives of Indian Government such as Start-up India, Swachh Bharat, and others which are a convergence between Indian and global priorities.
  • GCI aims to promote scientific and technological advances to find solutions by research and innovation to key health challenges through funding research projects and researchers by funding Indian researchers.
  • The projects for funding are mainly selected based on the societal and national need and transparency is strictly maintained while choosing or selecting the proposals with best ideas for funding.
  • The DBT and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation have pledged an initial investment of US$25 million each, for over five

BIMSTEC Meeting Focus on Terror

  • Seven Countries from South Asia and South East Asia have formed an international organisation, The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) and the headquarters of BIMSTEC is located in Dhaka.
  • The BIMSTEC comprises Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka and Thailand.
  • The main objective of BIMSTEC is to improve the technological and economic cooperation among the countries which are along the coast of the Bay of Bengal.
  • India had recently hosted a meeting with the security chiefs and national security advisers of BIMSTEC countries on 21 March 2017.
  • The meeting was mainly aimed to discuss the necessary steps to take to build a security architecture for the Bay of Bengal region.
  • Other important areas that were focused are counter radicalisation, Counter-terrorism cooperation, and maritime.
  • This meeting also focused on the security issues such as al-Qaeda and Lashkar-e-Toiba role in Rohingya crisis in Myanmar and the terror groups trying to radicalise youth in Rohingya.

World Forestry Day

March 21 of every year is celebrated as International Day of Forests or World Forestry Day at the international level.

  • The World Forestry Day was first established by the 23rd General Assembly of European Confederation of Agriculture in the year 1971.
  • The confederation decided to celebrate 21st of March as an annual event by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.
  • The main aim of this event is to increase awareness among the public and various communities about the significance, value, and contributions of the forests in balancing the life cycle on the earth.
  • “Forests & Energy” is the theme for World Forestry Day of 2017.

March 24 World Tuberculosis Day and 25% of the World’s Tuberculosis Patients are in India

  • India bears the highest global burden of tuberculosis, and 25% of TB patients in the world are in India.
  • Researchers of Centre for Disease Dynamics, Economics and Policy (CDDEP) in their new study developed an approach to estimate TB extent in India using with the help of previous estimates from the nearby countries and understanding of the current TB transmission.
  • This study has been published in The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.
  • New research has also found that urban tuberculosis case is infecting more individuals per year and a similar case in a rural area will be infectious for a longer period than the urban case.
  • As per the research, an urban TB case will infect of 12 people on an average per annum and remains infectious for around one year,
  • But, the rural case will infect only four people on an average per year and remains infectious for more than two years.
  • Nearly 5,00,000 Indians are dying every year due to this disease.

UAE and India Conference on Globalisation will be held in Dubai

United Arab Emirates and India joint conference on Globalisation will be held in Dubai. The move aims to promote cooperation between both the countries.

  • The conference is being organized by All India Management Association (AIMA).This is the second joint conferencebetween India and the United Arab Emirates.
  • The main subjects of the conference are Health care and innovation.
  • The theme of the conference is ‘Resetting Globalisation: Collaborating in a Fast-Changing

Five Indians in the WEF’s 100 Young Global Leaders list.

Five prominent young Indians have been placed in The World Economic Forum’s Young leaders list.

  • Vijay ShekharSharma (Paytm Founder and CEO).
  • ShrutiShibulal (The Tamara Hospitality).
  • AmbarishMitra (Founder and CEO Blippar)
  • HindolSengupta (Editor-at-large Fortune India) and
  • Rwitwika Bhattacharya-Agarwal (Founder and CEO Swaniti Initiative)

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