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1st April 2017 International Relations Current Affairs

El Salvador became the first country to ban all types of metal mining

  • El Salvador is the smallest nation in the Central America with San Salvador
    as its capital.
  • Already, more than 90% of the El Salvador’s surface waters are pollutedby the waste matter, toxic chemicals, and heavy metals.
  • It banned all types of metals mining throughout the nation.
  • This decision came in the midst of the long running dispute with a Canadian-Australian company over a gold project which was question seriously by the environmentalists.
  • The country introduced the bill on banning mining in the country.
  • This bill was passed by 69 votes whereas only 43 votes are the required for the bill to get passed.
  • This law also banned the use of toxic mercury and cyanide use for mining.

US astronaut breaks Sunita Williams’s spacewalk record

  • Peggy Whitsona 57 year old US astronaut is all set to surpass the record of Indian-origin astronaut Sunita Williams’ for the most spacewalks by a female astronaut.
  • Recently, Whitson was on her eighth
  • Sunita Williams in her two missions has spent a total of 322 days in space. She had a space walk for 50 hours and 40 minutes cumulatively.
  • This is the highest or longest duration of thetotal cumulative spacewalk by any, female astronaut.

India ranks 170thin terms of anemia among women

  • In 2012 during 65th World Health Assembly, Global Nutrition Targets were set for 2025 for reducing anemia in women of reproductive age group and stunting & wasting in children under age of five years.
  • The targets are 50 per cent reduction in the number of anemic women of reproductive age, reduction of up to 40 per cent in the number of stunted children; and reducing and maintaining the childhood wasting to less than 5 per cent.
  • As per the Global Nutrition Report of 2016, India is 114thin terms ofprevalence of stunting in under-five children.
  • In terms of under-five wastingprevalence, it ranked 120thand 170thrankregardingprevalence of anemia in women.

India is not blocking United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)

  • UNMOGIP observes and reports on the ceasefire violations across the Line of Control which is the working boundary between the nuclear-armed countries Pakistan and India.
  • Originally Line of Control (LoC) was known as the Cease-fire Line but it was redesignated as the “Line of Control” during the Simla Agreement on 3 July 1972.
  • Another cease fire line is present between Jammu and Kashmir and China occupied Kashmir.
  • This is called as Line of Actual Control which is considered as one of the most dangerous places on the Earth.
  • It has been claimed that India is not allowing United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) to monitor the ceasefire line between Pakistan and India.
  • However, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterreshas rejected these claims when a journalist from Pakistan questioned the allegation.
  • The UNMOGIP observer group is headed by a Major General, Per Lodin of Sweden.
  • UNMOGIP has 73 civilian personnel and 38 military observers.

International Labour Organization (ILO)

  • The International Labour Organization is the official United Nations agency. It deals with the international labour standards, work opportunities, social protection for all the people.
  • The organization’s headquarters is in Geneva, it was established in the year 1919.
  • It is the founder member of International Labour Organization and presently 187 members are registered with it.
  • The main purpose of International Labour Organization is to set up international standards in various forms such as recommendations, protocol and conventions.
  • India has approved 45 conventions, in which 42 are effective. Out of which only four conventions or rudimentary principles.

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