1st April 2017 International Relations Current Affairs
May 13, 2017
El Salvador became the first country to ban all types of metal mining
El Salvador is the smallest nation in the Central America with San Salvador
as its capital.
Already, more than 90% of the El Salvador’s surface waters are pollutedby the waste matter, toxic chemicals, and heavy metals.
It banned all types of metals mining throughout the nation.
This decision came in the midst of the long running dispute with a Canadian-Australian company over a gold project which was question seriously by the environmentalists.
The country introduced the bill on banning mining in the country.
This bill was passed by 69 votes whereas only 43 votes are the required for the bill to get passed.
This law also banned the use of toxic mercury and cyanide use for mining.
US astronaut breaks Sunita Williams’s spacewalk record
Peggy Whitsona 57 year old US astronaut is all set to surpass the record of Indian-origin astronaut Sunita Williams’ for the most spacewalks by a female astronaut.
Recently, Whitson was on her eighth
Sunita Williams in her two missions has spent a total of 322 days in space. She had a space walk for 50 hours and 40 minutes cumulatively.
This is the highest or longest duration of thetotal cumulative spacewalk by any, female astronaut.
India ranks 170thin terms of anemia among women
In 2012 during 65th World Health Assembly, Global Nutrition Targets were set for 2025 for reducing anemia in women of reproductive age group and stunting & wasting in children under age of five years.
The targets are 50 per cent reduction in the number of anemic women of reproductive age, reduction of up to 40 per cent in the number of stunted children; and reducing and maintaining the childhood wasting to less than 5 per cent.
As per the Global Nutrition Report of 2016, India is 114thin terms ofprevalence of stunting in under-five children.
In terms of under-five wastingprevalence, it ranked 120thand 170thrankregardingprevalence of anemia in women.
India is not blocking United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)
UNMOGIP observes and reports on the ceasefire violations across the Line of Control which is the working boundary between the nuclear-armed countries Pakistan and India.
Originally Line of Control (LoC) was known as the Cease-fire Line but it was redesignated as the “Line of Control” during the Simla Agreement on 3 July 1972.
Another cease fire line is present between Jammu and Kashmir and China occupied Kashmir.
This is called as Line of Actual Control which is considered as one of the most dangerous places on the Earth.
It has been claimed that India is not allowing United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) to monitor the ceasefire line between Pakistan and India.
However, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterreshas rejected these claims when a journalist from Pakistan questioned the allegation.
The UNMOGIP observer group is headed by a Major General, Per Lodin of Sweden.
UNMOGIP has 73 civilian personnel and 38 military observers.
International Labour Organization (ILO)
The International Labour Organization is the official United Nations agency. It deals with the international labour standards, work opportunities, social protection for all the people.
The organization’s headquarters is in Geneva, it was established in the year 1919.
It is the founder member of International Labour Organization and presently 187 members are registered with it.
The main purpose of International Labour Organization is to set up international standards in various forms such as recommendations, protocol and conventions.
India has approved 45 conventions, in which 42 are effective. Out of which only four conventions or rudimentary principles.
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