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March 31st 2017 E-Governance & Public Administration Current Affairs

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) Introduced a New Accident Recording Format

  • Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) rolled out a new Road Accident Data Recording and Reporting Format.
  • The new format provides consistent, accurate, and objective database of road accidents.
  • This comprehensive recording and reporting formathelps in bringing out the real underlying cause for the road
  • By this, the government can plan to take necessary corrective and preventive steps to reduce road
  • This new recording format consists of five sections, and the sections need to be filled by the police.
  • The important notes to be filled be the circumstances of the accident, primary data regarding the accident at the accident
  • The five sections are road-related details, accident identification details, vehicles involved in an accident, details of the persons other than the drivers involved in that particular accident and driver’s details.
  • This format will not replace the FIR.
  • Fifty-five indices such as GPS location, road type, visibility at the time of the accident, ongoing road works, weather condition, the surface condition of the road, speed limit, physical status of the divider, and use of safety devices are included in the new recording format.
  • As many as 55 indices, including have been incorporated in the new recording form.
  • This new format will help in detecting the real cause for an accident with the help of the data obtained through thorough investigation.
  • This new format will come into force from this calendar year, and the government has given necessary instructions to State Police Chiefs and Chief secretaries of the states.

 Kanha Tiger Reserve in India Gets an Official Mascot

  • Kanha in Madhya Pradesh is the first tiger reserve in India which officially introduced a mascot.
  • The mascot was named Bhoorsingh the Barasingha.
  • The mascot will have a better connection with its visitors, especially with the younger generation.
  • This mascot Bhoorsingh will feature in the posters, artwork, and merchandise for the Kanha park management.
  • The mascot represents the hard ground swampDeer (Barasingha) as the spirit of this tiger reserve.
  • It will create a unique identity to the Kanha reserve.
  • It will also spread the awareness of the importance of flora and fauna in the environment and allows the younger generation to connect with wildlife
  • This type of actions will spread awareness among the people and residents and helps them to save from the possible extinction of this swap deer.
  • Rohan Chakravarty, a cartoonist, has designed the mascot, and he also runs a popular website greenhumour.com

Barasingha

  • Swamp Deeror Barasingha Barasingha, is a deer species that are distributed in the Indian subcontinent.
  • It is the Madhya Pradesh’sstate animal.
  • This deer is endemic, and it is present only in the Kanha tiger reserve which is spread over Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh.
  • This park is the only place in the world where the Barasingha deer species exists. Barasingha differs from other Indian deer species as its antlers carry more than three tines.
  • Based on this distinctive character it is named as barasingha, which means “twelve-tined.
  • It has been listed as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in their Red List of Threatened Species.

Kanha Tiger Reserve

  • In June 1955, Kanha National Park was created and it was madeinto Kanha Tiger Reserve in 1973.
  • It is one of the largest tiger reserves inIndia, and it is also the largest national park of Madhya Pradesh

FSSAI Under CAG Scanner

  • The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) for the first time has undertaken comprehensive performance audit of food regulator of India, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). CAG will look at ongoing functionalities of the food regulator such as approval of products, finalizes regulations, compliance and conducts surveillance. CAG is auditing the performance of the FSSAI for the first time, since the regulator was established.
  • FSSAI came into news when it banned the popular manufacturing snack Maggi noodle a Swiss based Nestle company in the year 2015. Many questions were raised after capabilities and operations of FSSAI, the Bombay High Court has asked the FSSAI to prove its actions against the Noodle.
  • The Bombay High Court had sidelined the ban imposed by the FSSAI and asked Nestle to take sample test at three laboratories approved by the National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL).
  • Nestle India received clearance from three laboratories approved by NABL, the Swiss-based company has re-launched the product on November 9, 2015.
  • The audit performance aims to improve enhance standards during quality check.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)

  • According to the Food Safety and Standard Act, 2006,Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) was established in the year 2011.
  • FSSAI is authorized to set standards for food articles and frame guidelines to regulate manufacturing, sale, import of products and its storage.
  • The main functions of the FSSAI include, surveillance of food and beverages outlets, registration of enforcement agencies and ensure safety of imported items.

Supreme Court bans BS-III Compliant Vehicles

  • The Supreme Court of India in its order has prohibited the registration and the sale of Bharat Stage (BS)-III compliant vehicles from 1st April, 2017.
  • Bharat Stage – iv environment friendly norms will be introduced across the country.
  • The Supreme Court order came after the manufacturers association requested the court to stop the ban till the stock is sold, but the bench supported its move by saying that health of the citizen is important than moneymaking interests of the commercial companies.
  • The order bans registration of vehicles, under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 on and from April 1, 2017, which do not meet the standards of BS-IV emission standards.
  • All the BS-III vehicles purchased on March 31, will not be considered for the ban.
  • The automobile association has demanded sufficient time to deal with the existing stock of 8,20,000 vehicles which costs up to Rs. 12,000 crores.

Centre Launches Udhaan for Regional Connectivity of Airlines

  • The Central Government has launched a new programme called Udhaan which operates flights between regional airports in India. The Regional Connectivity Scheme will provide airfares worth Rs. 2500 to the people, which makes airlines a viable option for the people.
  • The subsidy amount to airlines that connect the two unserved regional airports will be ten percent higher than which connect only a single regional connect.

Key Facts of the Scheme

  • The Scheme UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik) will provide subsidy to the airlines to cover the loses by offering the airfare of Rs. 2500 for three years.
  • Half of the seats in the flight will be provided with the airfare of Rs. 2500 under the Regional Connectivity Scheme. The price could vary based on the distance between the two destinations.
  • The Scheme also gives rights to the airline to transfer the rights which is running the flight on regional routes.
  • The Aviation Ministry will reduce the subsidy based on the passenger movement.

Lok Sabha Passes Four Bills to Implement GST

  • The Lower House, Lok Sabha has approved four bills which relates to the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax in India.
  • The consolidated indirect tax regime of GST will be effective from July 1, 2017.
  • The four Bills passed by the GST comprise of GST Compensation Bill,Integrated GST Bill, Central GST Bill, and the Union Territory GST Bill, 2017.
  • The Lower House approved the passing of the Bills. As this Bills are money bills, the Rajya Sabha will not have any role to play in the passage of this Bill.

Important Facts of the Bill

  • The Goods and Service Tax Regime in India would be based on the approvals of GST Council.
  • The Council had one-third votes by Centre and two-third votes by the State Government.
  • The GST laws are not applicable to the Jammu and Kashmir as it has its own laws that do not integrate with the GST regime.
  • Under GST there will not be any single rate of tax.
  • The Council had introduced a four tier system, with a slab system of 5%, 12%, 18% and 28% for goods and services.
  • The Highest slab of 28% will be levied on luxury goods.
  • The States will be compensated for five years, which incur loss after implementation of GST.
  • Essential goods such as perishables will not come under the GST regime.
  • The fifth legislation is all the States have to pass State GST Bill in their respective Assemblies.
  • GST has been considered as the biggest reform since Indian independence. The uniform tax will lower the prices of commodities and controls tax evasion.

Centre launches Mobile Application for Enforcement of Traffic Rules

  • The Central Government has come up with a new initiative for enforcement of traffic rules in India. Two mobile applications, e-challan and m-parivahan have been launched which provides digital solution for enforcement of traffic rules in India.
  • This system enables the citizens of India to report traffic violation or road accident, also provides other information on various services and other information.
  • It connects with the virtual backend national register, through which one can find driving license online.
  • It helps the official know the genuineness of the vehicle.
  • The app provides information on numerous services, utilities that relate with the transport segment.
  • Citizens can have virtual registration certificates and driving license. This will give genuine information of the driver.

UDAY Scheme – Kerala, Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh Collaborate on Power Distribution

  • The Central Government Scheme Ujjwal  Discom Assurance Yojna a power distribution initiative and a debt relief scheme. So, far 26 states have joined the scheme sponsored by the Centre.
  • Arunachal Pradesh, Kerala and Tripura also joined the scheme Ujjwal Discom Assurance Yojna (UDAY) with this 26 states have joined the scheme. By joining this scheme, the states will gain benefits of Rs 309 crore, Rs 4,178 crore and Rs 810 crore respectively.

Central Government Launches New Online Film Certification System

  • The Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting M Venkaiah Naidu has announced a new platform for film certification in India.
  • The online certification aims to contain corruption and bring the clean cinema to the audiences. The initiative ‘e-cinepramaan’ issues online certification before pre-release of movie.
  • The system makes the issuance of certificate transparent and efficient, the payments made for certification process will got to Bharat Kosh portal.

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