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March 28th 2017 E-Governance & Public Administration Current Affairs

Mobile Clinic Services for Telangana (TG) and Andhra Pradesh (AP)

  • Bandaru Dattatreya, Union minister of state for labour and employment launched the Mobile Clinic Services in AP and TG.
  • This mobile clinic services will be provided by the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC).
  • On 25 February 1952, Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) was established under the provisions given ESI Act.
  • It is an autonomous corporation and a legal entity working under Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  • In this scheme, medical services will be provided in the ‘Jan Suraksha Vans/Ambulances.
  • After its success, these services will be expanded to all the ESI hospitals throughout the country.
  • All the mobile clinicswill have a vehicle withone doctor, pharmacist, driver, attendant, and all the necessary equipment and medicines related to the treatment.
  • This vehicle or mobile clinic will visit at least two locations in a day for about three hours each. Each location will be visited at least twice in a week.

Union Cabinet Approved 101 Cold Chain Projects

  • The Central Government has approved 101 new integrated cold chain projects. These projects will bring aninvestment of Rs. 3100 crores for development of sophisticated infrastructure for the food processing industry.
  • This project will reduce the wastage in the supply of agriculture goods. Meanwhile it will create tremendous employment opportunities to the people dependent on this sector.
  • The food processing ministry has approved 30 cold chain projects in the month of May 2015.
  • Rs. 838 crores would be granted for this scheme;the remaining funds would come from the private sector through various modes.
  • The newly sanctioned 101 projects include 33 projects – dairy (33), 53 projects – fruits and vegetables, fish, ready-to-cook sectors/ready-to-eat and various other products. The project will build cold storage system to store 2.76 lakh metric of food commodities.
  • Out of the total projects, Maharashtra bagged 21 projects, Uttar Pradesh secured 14, Gujarat- 12, Andhra Pradesh – 8, Punjab – 6 and Madhya Pradesh – six projects.
  • Under this scheme, for thedevelopment of infrastructure, financial assistance would be provided to the entrepreneurs of Rs. 10 crores.
  • The project would benefit 2.6 lakh farmers and provides employment to 60,000 people approximately.
  • The study of Central Institute of Post-Harvest Engineering and Technology based on wholesale prices reveal that in India, fruits and vegetables worth Rs. 92,000 have been wasted due to lack of infrastructure storage system.
  • These cold chain projects would reduce the wastage by 13 percent and stores 4.7 million tonnes of horticulture and agriculture produce.

Need for Cold Chain Grid in India

  • According to the Government reports, India is the world’s second largest producer of vegetables and fruits, and it is one of largest food manufacturers in the world.
  • India’s food processing industry is very minute, only 2.2 percent of total vegetables and fruits are processed.
  • The current cold storage system in India is confined to few States and the maximum 80 to 90 percent of potatoes are processed.
  • The Government aims to connect all the cold storage chains and processing industries with the food producing hubs in India.

Centre approves Shekatkar Committee Recommendations on Military Reforms

  • The Union Defense Ministry has agreed to most of the changes suggested by the committee of experts headed by Lt. Gen. D.B. Shekatkar (Retd).
  • The committee was formed to improve the financial management in the military.
  • The Central Government has approved 90 recommendations made by the committee. The reforms aim to increase the co-ordination between three armed services.
  • The recommendations aimto make the system less red tape and function the system quickly.

Recommendations of Committee Capital Expenditure:

  • The defence budget must be provided such that enough money should be left for modernization of Armed forces.
  • The practice of sending back left out budget allocation during the financial year must be stopped.
  • Performance audit:For non-combat organisations which come under the purview of thedefense ministry. Director- General of Quality Assurance, Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), National Cadet Corps (NCC) and Ordnance Factory Board (OFB).
  • Manpower Rationalisation:This important change will bring back more savings to the Armed Services.
  • The introduction of common college for war services for middle-level officers.
  • Reduction of active officers in unnecessary postings – In postings of National Cadet Corps (NCC), where active Jawans must be replaced with the retired Jawans or Officers to run the NCC.
  • Major reforms give the responsibility of managing National Cadet Corps to Human Resource Development Ministry. As of now, it is managed by the defence ministry.
  • If the recommendations made by the committee are implemented, in the next five years, the government can save up to Rs. 25,000 crores on defence expenditure.

World Bank Approves $100 Million to Uttarakhand Health Systems

  • The World Bank has signed an agreement with the India for Uttarakhand Health Care Systems Development Project. The Bank will provide $100 million International Development Association credit to this project.
  • This project aims to improve the health care system in the hilly districts of Uttarakhand.
  • It also seeks to expand financial protection for residents of the State.

Highlights of the agreement:

  1. Engaging private sector to provide health care service to the individuals.
  2. Stewardship and system improvement.
  • The total cost of the project is $125 million, Uttarakhand Government will contribute $25 million to this project.
  • This project will benefit the people living in the hilly parts of the state.
  • The clinical services are designed based on multiple self-contained clusters;these are managed based on Public Private Partnership model.
  • The scheme provides services for free or any nominal charges. The integrated program also covers health insurance in the State.

Centre Approves Mental Health Care Bill

  • The Central Government has approved Mental Health Care Bill, which considers people who attempt suicide as victims of mental illness rather than being punished for the criminal offences.
  • The bill ensures proper services to the people suffering from mental problems.
  • The Mental Health Care Bill provides safety to the people affected by mental illness and grants some rights to them.
  • A personconcernedby mental health will have right to access for healthcareservices which are fully funded by the central government.
  • The rights guarantee the victim equal treatment, access to services at affordable costs.
  • The bill presents a right to the patient through which he can give adirective, how he should be treated and who will represent him.
  • The Bill decriminalises the suicide attempt by a mentally ill person.
  • A partly judicial commission would be set up to frame directives and rules for the mentally-ill person.
  • The Board will also advise the government on protection and safety of the mentally-ill people.

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