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March 22nd 2017 E-Governance & Public Administration Current Affairs

Rajya Sabha Approves HIV and AIDs Bill

  • The Rajya Sabha has approved the most important bill which bestows equal rights and treatment to the people affected with HIV and AIDS.
  • The Bill ensures admission into jobs and educational institutions.
  • This Bill was pending for last three years in the Upper House, the The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) (Prevention) and Control) Bill, 2014 was moved by Health Minister J P Nadda.
  • In India presently around 2.39 million people are affected with the HIV/AIDS.
  • India is the third largest country with people living with HIV/AIDS after South Africa and Nigeria.
  • This disease is prevalent in individuals like homosexuals, sex workers and injecting drug users.
  • Separate mechanism to address their concerns, consent before their treatment and safeguarding their rights.
  • Penalty will be levied on people who infringe the confidentiality of the affected people’s details.
  • The bill says it important for the high-risk groups to access services such as treatment of sexually transmitted infections, HIV testing, condoms, clean needles and syringes to prevent HVI transmission to general public.
  • All the private and public firms must implement and ensure safety of the people affected with the HIV and AIDS.
  • The aggressive policy by the Government ensures safety of those affected individuals, medical treatment without any discrimination.
  • National AIDS Control Programme has been allocated Rs. 2000 crore. The Government will not compromise on reducing funds to the scheme.
  • The States should appoint an ombudsman in every state. Regarding this development, a circular will be issued by the Central Government with uniform guidelines.
  • For the appointment of Ombudsman, health institutions must have 20 or more employees. Earlier provision required 100 or more employees. This provision is in the region where people affected with HIV is very high.
  • India is presently supplying HID/AIDS medicines to 180 nations and it has the immense research capability.

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus, when affects the human body, the virus attacks the immune system. Most importantly CD4 cells and commonly known as T cells.
  • HIV is recognized at the most advantage stage; the virus alters the total immune system. Making individuals vulnerable to infections and diseases.

 Some Key points about HIV and AIDS:

  • Throughout the world, 36.7 million people are affected with HIV by 2015. Around 1.8 million children are affected with these diseases.
  • The majority of the affected individuals are from low and middle income countries.
  • The disease can be identified through rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs).
  • During the period between 2000 and 2015, HIV infections in the country fell by 35% and deaths fell by 28% in which lives of 8 million people were saved.
  • Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs have the capacity to control the HIV virus. It can also prevent transmission of virus to other people. Though it cannot cure HIV virus, people after taking this ARV can lead a productive and healthy life.
  • Preventive drugs in the middle and low income countries is very low.
  • Enormous progress is seen in the countries, in controlling the transmission of HIV from pregnant women to child.
  • According to the report, 8 out of 10 women affected with HIV were given antiretroviral. In the world totally, 1.1 million received the drugs.
  • The World Health Organization has declared Cuba, as the first country to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis.
  • Three other countries Armenia, Belarus and Thailand have been declared for eliminating mother-to-child HIV by the World Health Organization.

Assam Govt. Approves Seventh Pay Commission

  • Assam Cabinet has decided to implement the recommendations made by the seventh Pay Commission.
  • The implementation will compel the State Government to allocate Rs. 3000 additionally from the next year.
  • The proposed pay will be effective from April 1, 2016.
  • Assam Government has decided to constitute a separate directorate for the Information Technology Department in the State.

NBCC will Undertake Social Housing Project in Mauritius

  • National Building Construction Corporation (NBCC), which works under the purview of the Ministry of Urban Development has bagged the project worth US $ 20 million (Rs.130 crore) in Mauritius.
  • NBCC which has the status of Navaratna will manage the social housing project in Mauritius.
  • A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between both the Mauritius and NBFCC in connection with this deal.
  • The companies which attained the status of Navaratna can invest up to Rs. 1000 crore without any approval from the Government.

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