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April 1st 2017 E-Governance & Public Administration Current Affairs

Central Government Approves Basic ILO Conventions

  • The Central Government has approved the two necessary conventions of International Labour Organization which related with the Child Labour issues in India.
  • The two conventions of ILO are 1) Minimum Age Convention (No 138) 2) Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (No 182), both these sections are legally binding.

Important Facts of Minimum Age Convention (No 138) or Convention 138:

  • This convention has been endorsed by 169 United Nation recognized countries. It determines the minimum age required for employment in the country.

Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (No 182) or Convention 182:

  • This convention prohibits the worst forms of Child Labour and counters such practices with immediate action. It has been approved by 180 United Nations recognized countries.
  • The Union Government has come up with a strong legislative approach and comprehensive strategy to counter the issues of child labour.
  • There is a great need to ensure safety of children in India under the Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986, this act completely bans people under the age of 14 years to undertake employment or any occupation.
  • To obtain the sustainable developmental goals, the Indian Government must eliminate child labour completely and work aggressively to achieve the goal.
  • The approval of this conventions will enable the country to make the country child labor free and make the conventions legally binding.
  • India joins the majority of the nations which have ratified the conventions to prohibit child labour in the country.

Two National Railway Routes Declared as Green Corridors from April 1

  • The two railway routes Pipad Road-Bilara and the Barmer-Munawab in Rajasthan have been declared Green Corridors.
  • With this declaration the number of Green Corridors had increased to three in the country.
  • Manamadurai– Rameswaram a 114-kilometer-long railway route in South India was considered as the first ‘Green corridor’ in India.

Green Corridor

  • The Green Corridor is declared when the discharge of zero toilet on railway tracks is guaranteed. The initiative aims commitment towards clean environment under the Central Government’s ambitious ‘Swachh Rail-Swachh Bharat’ programme.
  • All the trains in this route have been equipped with the bio-toilets to make sure that there is no discharge of human waste on railway tracks.

CCEA approves Mega Power Policy

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has ratified for the amendments in the major Mega Power Policy, 2009 to start the stranded projects which could generate 31 GW with an investment of Rs 1.5 lakh crore in the country.
  • The ambitious project aims to make electricity cheaper and affordable to everyone, at the end it aims to provide electricity 24X7 for every household in the nation.

The Major Amendments to the Power Policy

  • The policy reforms extend the duration of the projects to all 25 Mega Projects. For all the imports related to the projects, for providing Mega certificates to Tax authorities the duration has been increased to 120 months from 60 months.
  • The developers of the project should maintain their bank guarantee alive.
  • According to the policy, Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairshad also approved 25 Mega projects in connection with the proportion of long term PPA (Power Purchase Agreement), once specified threshold capacity of project is commissioned.
  • Numerous benefits have been offered by the amendments in the policy, with the successful completion of projects, the power availability will increase and meanwhile rate of power diminishes with the completion of project.
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has said all payment systems will remain closed on April 1, in a change from its earlier directive asking banks to remain open on the first day of the next fiscal beginning April.
  1. Electronic fund transfers using payment channels like RTGS (Real-time gross settlement) and NEFT (National Electronic Funds Transfer) would remain closed on Saturday. However, debit card and credit card transactions would remain unaffected.

Bihar Government to Provide Power Subsidy to People

  • The Bihar Government has announced that it will provide subsidy of power directly to the customers instead of power companies.
  • The Government also provides free electricity to the students.
  • To educate youth and treat youth affected with drugs, the government had started NashaMukt campaign.
  • The initiatives of the Bihar make the Government more popular among the masses.

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